Cómo armar una PC de gaming: piezas para una PC de gaming y... (2023)

" } ] },{ "@type": "HowToStep", "position": "4", "name": "Install Memory (RAM)", "supply": [ { "@type": "HowToSupply", "name": "Motherboard" }, { "@type": "HowToSupply", "name": "RAM" } ], "tool": "motherboard user manual", "image": "https://www.intel.com/content/dam/www/public/us/en/images/photography-consumer/rwd/gaming/s4-a5-6-insert-cip-rwd.jpg.rendition.intel.web.1920.1080.jpg", "itemListElement": [ { "@type": "HowToDirection", "position": "1", "text": "Determine how many RAM slots your motherboard has (most have either two or four). If you're going to fill all available RAM slots, simply snap the RAM into place. If you're not going to fill all of the RAM slots, consult the user manual to find the correct configuration and populate the RAM slots accordingly." },{ "@type": "HowToTip", "position": "2", "text": "The notch between the gold fingers is not centered. Make sure you're aligning the RAM correctly using this notch to determine which side is up versus down." },{ "@type": "HowToTip", "position": "3", "text": "While RAM is relatively easy to snap into place, it doesn't always snap in perfectly the first time. If you try to turn your PC on and it doesn't turn on, the first thing you should do is re-seat the RAM. Some motherboards have a captive tab (one you don't have to move) that helps with installation. All motherboards have at least one tab that does move — usually, it will snap into place and attach onto an indent on the side of the RAM." } ] }, { "@type": "HowToStep", "position": "5", "name": "(Optional) Do a Test Run Outside the Case", "supply": [ { "@type": "HowToSupply", "name": "Motherboard with CPU and CPU cooler installed" }, { "@type": "HowToSupply", "name": "RAM" }, { "@type": "HowToSupply", "name": "GPU" }, { "@type": "HowToSupply", "name": "PSU" }, { "@type": "HowToSupply", "name": "PC monitor (attached to GPU)" } ], "tool": "Screwdriver", "image": "https://www.intel.com/content/dam/www/public/us/en/images/photography-consumer/rwd/gaming/s4-a5-7-pins-rwd.jpg.rendition.intel.web.1920.1080.jpg", "itemListElement": [ { "@type": "HowToDirection", "position": "1", "text": "Now that you've installed the CPU and the CPU cooler, you may want to perform a quick test run of your components just to make sure they all work. This test is much more difficult to perform (and troubleshoot) once everything is installed in the chassis. To do this, install GPU and connect everything to the power supply (if you don't know how to install the GPU, see section below). Make sure the power supply is connected to the motherboard (both CPU 8pin and 24pin) and GPU, then plug it in and turn it on." }, { "@type": "HowToTip", "position": "2", "text": "Some higher-end motherboards have power buttons, but many do not. If you don't see a power button, locate the power switch pins — small pairs of prongs sticking out of colorful nodules. The power switch pins may be labeled (something like \"PWR_ON\"). To turn the motherboard on, use a screwdriver to tap both power switch pins at once." }, { "@type": "HowToTip", "position": "3", "text": "You should now be able to tell if any of your components are dead or otherwise malfunctioning. If your motherboard is blinking lights or beeping at you, it's probably trying to tell you something. Some motherboards have a post code display (two digits) to help you identify what the problem is. To figure out what it's trying to tell you, consult your user manual. If your motherboard has no post code display, connect a display to the GPU and see if your system \"posts\" or starts up and displays the motherboard's logo." }, { "@type": "HowToTip", "position": "4", "text": "When you are finished with the test run, turn off the power supply and wait for any LEDs on the motherboard to go dark to ensure there's no residual power in the system. Then, uninstall the GPU and unplug all power cables before proceeding with the next step." } ] }, { "@type": "HowToStep", "position": "6", "name": "Mount Power Supply", "supply": [ { "@type": "HowToSupply", "name": "PSU" }, { "@type": "HowToSupply", "name": "PSU cables" } ], "tool": "Phillips #2 screwdriver", "image": "https://www.intel.com/content/dam/www/public/us/en/images/photography-consumer/rwd/gaming/s4-a5-8-insert-psu-rwd.jpg.rendition.intel.web.1648.927.jpg", "itemListElement": [ { "@type": "HowToDirection", "position": "1", "text": "Unpack the PSU (or unplug it from the components if you opted for a test run) and set its cables aside (if you can)." }, { "@type": "HowToTip", "position": "2", "text": "Take a look at your case and figure out where the PSU is supposed to go (probably on the bottom, near the back) and how it can be oriented. Ideally, you want to orient the PSU so that its fan faces outside the case (via a vent). If your case has a vent on the bottom, you can mount the PSU upside down, so long as the bottom vent will receive decent airflow when the PC is finished." }, { "@type": "HowToDirection", "position": "3", "text": "Attach the PSU to the case using the four screws that came with the PSU." }, { "@type": "HowToDirection", "position": "4", "text": "If you're using a non-modular or semi-modular power supply, now is the time to run the attached cables through the case to where they'll need to end up (make use of cable management features if your case has them)." } ] }, { "@type": "HowToStep", "position": "7", "name": "Install Motherboard", "supply": [ { "@type": "HowToSupply", "name": "Case" }, { "@type": "HowToSupply", "name": "motherboard " }, { "@type": "HowToSupply", "name": "I/O shield (if not attached to the motherboard)" }, { "@type": "HowToSupply", "name": "Screws" } ], "tool": [ { "@type": "HowToSupply", "name": "Phillips #2 screwdriver" }, { "@type": "HowToSupply", "name": "motherboard user manual" } ], "image": "https://www.intel.com/content/dam/www/public/us/en/images/photography-consumer/rwd/gaming/s4-a5-9-screw-in-motherboard.jpg.rendition.intel.web.1648.927.jpg", "itemListElement": [ { "@type": "HowToDirection", "position": "1", "text": "If your motherboard came with an unattached I/O shield — a rectangular sheet of metal with cutouts for the motherboard's ports — you should first snap it into place in the back of your case (make sure it's oriented correctly). I/O shields usually have sharp edges, so watch your fingers." }, { "@type": "HowToTip", "position": "2", "text": "Once the I/O shield is in place, you can install the motherboard. Double-check to make sure your cables are all threaded through to the correct place, and then place the motherboard (align it with the I/O shield, first). Using a Phillips #2 screwdriver, mount the first screw — the center screw — to hold the motherboard in place. Make sure you do not drag your motherboard across the standoffs attached to the chassis." }, { "@type": "HowToDirection", "position": "3", "text": "The number of screws you will need to mount the motherboard will vary based on the board, but a full-size ATX motherboard usually takes 9 screws. Fill all available screw holes." },{ "@type": "HowToDirection", "position": "4", "text": "Connect the power supply to the motherboard. There are two main connections — an 8-pin CPU connector toward the top of the board and a 24-pin connector from the side." },{ "@type": "HowToTip", "position": "5", "text": "Before you mount the motherboard, check to make sure the case has motherboard standoffs installed. These usually look like a nut with threading on the end. Do not insert unnecessary standoffs." } ] }, { "@type": "HowToStep", "position": "8", "name": "Install GPU", "supply": [ { "@type": "HowToSupply", "name": "Motherboard" }, { "@type": "HowToSupply", "name": "GPU" }, { "@type": "HowToSupply", "name": "screws" } ], "tool": [ { "@type": "HowToSupply", "name": "Phillips #2 screwdriver" }, { "@type": "HowToSupply", "name": "motherboard user manual" } ], "image": "https://www.intel.com/content/dam/www/public/us/en/images/photography-consumer/rwd/gaming/s4-a5-10-motherboard-pins-rwd.jpg.rendition.intel.web.1920.1080.jpg", "itemListElement": [ { "@type": "HowToDirection", "position": "1", "text": "Find the PCIe* x16 slot on your motherboard. It will be the longest PCIe* slot and may be a different color than the others. If your motherboard has more than one PCIe* x16 slot, check the user manual to see if one slot needs to be prioritized. If any slot can be used, determine which slot you'll be using based on where other components are placed — you want your GPU to have some breathing room." },{ "@type": "HowToDirection", "position": "2", "text": "Depending on your case, you may need to remove I/O covers (small metal tabs blocking the back panel of your case) to accommodate your GPU's I/O (HDMI, DisplayPort, DVI, etc.) and make it accessible to the exterior of the chassis." },{ "@type": "HowToDirection", "position": "3", "text": "Remove the GPU from its antistatic packaging and carefully align it with both the rear retention bracket and the slot itself, and then gently push it into the PCIe* x16 slot (you may hear a click). The PCIe* tab on the motherboard may move into a locked position should you need to reseat the GPU." },{ "@type": "HowToDirection", "position": "4", "text": "Once the GPU is fully seated, secure it to the back of the case using one or two screws. If your GPU requires auxiliary power connectors, connect it to the power supply." } ] }, { "@type": "HowToStep", "position": "9", "name": "Install Storage", "supply": [ { "@type": "HowToSupply", "name": "Motherboard" }, { "@type": "HowToSupply", "name": "SSDs" }, { "@type": "HowToSupply", "name": "HDDs" }, { "@type": "HowToSupply", "name": "Screws" } ], "tool": [ { "@type": "HowToSupply", "name": "Phillips #2 screwdriver" }, { "@type": "HowToSupply", "name": "case/chassis user manual" } ], "image": "https://www.intel.com/content/dam/www/public/us/en/images/photography-consumer/rwd/gaming/s4-a5-12-plugs-rwd.jpg.rendition.intel.web.1920.1080.jpg", "itemListElement": [ { "@type": "HowToDirection", "position": "1", "text": "Firstly, inspect your case. Every case is a little different when it comes to drive bays." }, { "@type": "HowToTip", "position": "2", "text": "You should be able to find a stack of bays in different sizes somewhere inside your case. They may have little plastic switches, in which case they are tool-free bays, or they may just look like metal brackets." }, { "@type": "HowToTip", "position": "3", "text": "Storage generally comes in two sizes, 2.5-inch (HDDs and SSDs) and 3.5-inch (HDDs). Most 3.5-inch bays can accept 2.5-inch drives, but not vice versa (some 3.5-inch bays will have trays that aren't designed for 2.5-inch drives, but they can still fit 2.5-inch bays). You may also see larger bays in your case — these are for larger drives such as optical drives and are usually located in the front of the case, near the top." }, { "@type": "HowToDirection", "position": "4", "text": "If you have tool-free bays, each bay will have its own plastic lever or switch. Open or unlock the lever or switch and you should be able to pull out the tray. Place your drive in the tray — some 3.5-inch trays will be designed to accept 2.5-inch trays. If they are, you'll need to screw the 2.5-inch drive to the 3.5-inch tray so it doesn't move around." }, { "@type": "HowToDirection", "position": "5", "text": "Slide the tray back into the bay. It should click into place." }, { "@type": "HowToDirection", "position": "6", "text": "If you don't have tool-free bays, you'll see a metal bracket (it will be big, like a sheet), with slats or holes in it. To put a drive in one of these \"bays,\" all you have to do is slide the drive between the metal bracket and the side of your case and screw it into place. Use as many screws as the chassis manual recommends, but if you don't have enough screws most drives will be fine with just two screws." }, { "@type": "HowToDirection", "position": "7", "text": "Once your drives are all in place, connect them to the motherboard (using a SATA cable, which should have come with either your drive or your motherboard) and to the power supply." }, { "@type": "HowToTip", "position": "8", "text": "If you have trouble finding the bays or figuring out what type of bays your case has, consult your case's user manual." } ] },{ "@type": "HowToStep", "position": "10", "name": "Install Operating System", "supply": [ { "@type": "HowToSupply", "name": "PC" }, { "@type": "HowToSupply", "name": "monitor" }, { "@type": "HowToSupply", "name": "mouse" }, { "@type": "HowToSupply", "name": "keyboard" }, { "@type": "HowToSupply", "name": "OS saved to a flash drive" } ],"image": "https://www.intel.com/content/dam/www/public/us/en/images/photography-consumer/rwd/gaming/s4-a5-13-install-os-rwd.jpg.rendition.intel.web.1920.1080.jpg", "itemListElement": [ { "@type": "HowToDirection", "position": "1", "text": "If you haven’t already prepared your operating system (OS) on a USB flash drive, now is the time to do so." },{ "@type": "HowToDirection", "position": "2", "text": "Plug in the USB flash drive that contains your OS, as well as a monitor, mouse, and keyboard, and turn on your PC." },{ "@type": "HowToDirection", "position": "3", "text": "The first screen you see will tell you to press a key to enter the system setup or BIOS. Press the key to open BIOS. (If the screen flashes off too quickly for you to see the key, consult your motherboard's user manual.)" },{ "@type": "HowToDirection", "position": "4", "text": "First, you'll want to check to makes sure your components are all installed and being recognized. Find the page in BIOS that shows your PC's system info (different motherboards have different BIOS setups, but you should be able to find a screen that gives you this information) and check to make sure the system is recognizing everything you've installed so far." },{ "@type": "HowToDirection", "position": "5", "text": "Next, poke around BIOS until you find the Boot page (may be called \"Boot Order\" or \"Boot Priority\"). Change the boot order so that your flash drive is first and the drive you want to install your OS on (if you're using an SSD as a boot drive, you will want to install the OS here) is second." },{ "@type": "HowToDirection", "position": "6", "text": "Restart your computer. Your computer will boot from the USB and the OS installer will pop up. Follow the instructions to finish the installation." },{ "@type": "HowToTip", "position": "7", "text": "Create the OS installer ahead of time." },{ "@type": "HowToTip", "position": "8", "text": "If the PC doesn't turn on at all, you might have a problem with your power supply." },{ "@type": "HowToTip", "position": "9", "text": "If the PC turns on but you don't see anything on the screen, or it doesn't seem to start up, check to make sure all cables, especially power cables, are connected." },{ "@type": "HowToTip", "position": "10", "text": "If you're trying to enter BIOS with your keyboard and it's not working, it's probably your keyboard that's not working. Check your peripherals to make sure they're working before you panic." },{ "@type": "HowToTip", "position": "11", "text": "If you have trouble booting to the USB drive, ensure the motherboard is set for the installation type you are attempting. Most UEFI-enabled platforms will boot to the UEFI partition scheme first before attempting Legacy." } ] } ] } ] }


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